LIFE WetFlyAmphibia Conservation of amphibians and butterflies of open wet areas and their habitats

Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona and Campigna National Park form part of the Apennines ridge between Romagna and Tuscany and can be considered one of the most valuable forest areas in Europe. The LIFE project WetFlyAmphibia set out to improve the conservation status of Bombina variegata, Salamandrina terdigitata, Triturus carnifex, Euplagia quadripunctaria and Eriogaster catax and their habitats (in particular Habitat 6430) inside the Natura2000 Network of sites in the National Park (IT4080003, IT5180002, IT5180018).The listed species are nowadays threatened mainly by a reduction in their once abundant reproductive habitats, leading to a reduction in their population. Restoration of wetlands and other habitats relevant to the target species was considered vital after a  preliminary analysis. Therefore, to improve the conservation status of the populations inside the Natura2000 sites, to date over 120 interventions (such as the creation of ponds and pools, restoration of vegetation, etc) have been carried out.The LIFE project is also creating new reproductive populations with captive breeding and translocation actions in areas where the species was reported up to 10 years ago, and with the creation and restoration of habitat 6430. So far 360 larvae of B. variegata and up to 3,500 eggs of S. terdigitata have been released; many of the intervention sites have already been colonized by the target species of the project and the actions are still in progress.

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